An Abortion is basically the end of a pregnancy by termination of the fetus before it is even brought outside of the uterus. An Abortion which occurs naturally or without any kind of medical or non-medical intervention is termed as Miscarriage or Spontaneous Abortion. When pre-planned and deliberate steps are taken to terminate a pregnancy, it is called an Induced Abortion. When we refer to abortion, we refer to induced abortion only. There exist different views around the world regarding the issue as well as different reasons in order to take induced abortion into consideration but the main reasons are societal and woman’s mental or physical condition. Religious, moral and cultural factors also play a major role in deciding the fate of the fetus and affect abortion laws worldwide. The right to life, The right to freedom, The right to safety, The right to reproductive health are the major concerns when it comes to Human Rights which further forms the stances on which existence or absence of abortion laws. When it comes to different jurisdictions when abortion is legal, there are a set of requirements which must be met by the expected mother to receive a safe and legal abortion. This requirement is influenced by the age of the fetus, often using a trimester – based system to decide whether it would be considered legal or not, upon a doctor’s evaluation of the fetus’ viability. Some courts even require a waiting period before the process. Other jurisdictions just ban abortion completely. Many jurisdictions allow a legal abortion to take place under certain circumstances only. These circumstances vary depending on a particular jurisdiction, but may also include whether the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest, impaired fatal development, the woman's physical or mental well-being or the family’s social or economic problems make the child a burden.
This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://www.thelawbug.com/need-of-revamping-abortion-law/